Healthy Life Trajectories Initiative (HeLTI): overview
Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) such as cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, respiratory diseases, and mental health challenges are collectively responsible for almost 70% of all deaths worldwide, and close to three quarters of all NCD deaths occur in low- and middle-income countriesFootnote 1. These numbers represent a global health crisis that is reducing the health and welfare of people worldwide and is imposing mounting social and financial burdens on society.
To strengthen national efforts and international cooperation in addressing the burden of NCDs, countries across the globe, including Canada, have made NCD-related commitments to implement the WHO Global Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of NCDs.Footnote 2 This includes commitments to global targets on NCDs as part of realizing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.Footnote 3
In particular, the WHO Global Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of NCDs highlights the growing body of evidence around long-term consequences of adverse environmental exposures early in the lifecycle. As many of the environmental factors that lead to negative outcomes are modifiable and because research has suggested that early and timely interventions can make a difference, a focus on interventions throughout the lifespan—starting from pre-pregnancy through pregnancy, infancy and childhood—is essential.
The HeLTI Approach
The Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) took note of the WHO strategy in designing its Healthy Life Trajectories Initiative (HeLTI) by using the premise of the Developmental Origins of Health and Disease (DOHaD) field in its design. This is based on the hypothesis that environmental factors interact with genes during conception, fetal life, infancy and early childhood, when the possibility of modification of an individual’s development in response to environmental conditions is greatest, and that this programming affects the individual’s health later in life. These effects—including developmental delays, cognitive impairment, and chronic diseases—can be observed over several generations. Many environmental factors (such as nutrition, exposure to chemicals or toxins, stress hormones, maternal obesity, diabetes, and general lifestyle) are modifiable, which means that the right interventions can have lasting positive impacts on health.
HeLTI provides the opportunity for researchers to generate the evidence needed to shape public policies and programs that will have the potential to prevent and control NCDs. This initiative will generate evidence that will inform national policy and decision-making to improve health and prevent NCDs. It is anticipated that this focus on interventions throughout the lifespan will offer a major leap forward in global efforts to combat the rising tide of NCDs throughout the developing and developed world.
How it works
HeLTI is comprised of distinct but complementary arms. These components coordinate and build upon both the diverse research capacity and wealth of existing data sets in Canada, while using a unique set of coordinated linked international intervention cohorts to focus the powerful DOHaD approach specifically on NCDs both in Canada and in countries where the burden is greatest.
- Canadian Interdisciplinary DOHaD Team Grants – Implications for Men, Women, Boys and Girls
- Enabling Platform: Canadian DOHaD Cohort Registry
- HeLTI Linked International Intervention Cohorts (LIICs)
See the HeLTI Components page for further information on each component.
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