CIHR Internal Assessment - Report for the 2011 International Review

Table of Contents ]


  1. The National Health and Research Development Program had a budget of $30 million per year in the late 1980s, compared to the $145 million CIHR spent on health services and population health research in 2009–2010. Its budget had shrunk to approximately $13 million per year at the time of dissolution.

  2. CIHR Act, 48-49 Elizabeth II Chapter 6 (2000). [Internet]. 2000 [cited 2010-11-22].

  3. Rock A. From: CIHR governing council creates 13 health research institutes. [Internet]. 2010 [cited 2010-05-07].

  4. The four themes are also colloquially known as "the four pillars of CIHR".

  5. Researchers employed by the federal government are ineligible to apply for CIHR funding, as are those employed by industry.

  6. Science, Technology and Innovation Council. State of the Nation 2008 – Canada's science, technology and innovation system. [Internet]. 2009 [cited 2010-05-07].

  7. Fonds de la recherche en santé du Québec. Rapport annuel 2008-2009. [Internet]. 2009 [cited 2010-11-22].

  8. Formerly the Alberta Heritage Foundation for Medical Research.

  9. Canadians for Health Research.  Accessed 2010-06-11.

  10. Research Canada. Accessed 2010-06-11.

  11. Friends of CIHR. Accessed 2010-07-26.

  12. The only exception to this is the funds allocated for CIHR administration, where up to 5% of the annual amount can be carried into the next fiscal year.

  13. The allocation of a grant or award to one of the four research themes is made voluntarily by the applicant(s) and is not validated by CIHR. In 2009–2010, 9% of all CIHR expenditures were not attributed to a particular research theme due to non-specification of a research theme by the applicant. Some institutes have validated the researcher assignment(s) in their individual reports (e.g., IPPH) and eliminated what they consider inappropriate assignments; thus, their numbers may differ from those in Figures 4B and 4D. This chart excludes the Canada Research Chairs (CRC), Networks of Centres of Excellence (NCE), Centres of Excellence for Commercialization and Research (CECR) and business-led NCEs, for which the applicants do not declare a theme, hence totals are different from those of Figure 4A. Data include grants transferred from National Health Research and Development Program to CIHR in April 2001.

  14. Statistics Canada. Gross domestic expenditures on research and development (GERD) in the health field – performing sector and funding sector. [Internet]. 2010 [updated 2010-03-25; cited 2010-11-22].

  15. Science, Technology and Innovation Council. Canada's science, technology and innovation system: state of the nation 2008. [Internet]. 2008 [updated 2009-10-22; cited 2010-11-22].

  16. Canadian Institute for Health Information. National health expenditure trends, 1975 to 2009. [Internet]. 2009 [cited 2010-11-22]. 

  17. NIH. Office of Budget Biomedical research and development price index. [Internet]. 2010 [updated 2010-02-01; cited 2010-11-22].

  18. A study of applications submitted to one peer review committee found that only 10/80 (12.5%) applications were funded at their first submission, however after three submissions, 22/80 (27.5%) had been funded (Canadian Institutes of Health Research – Institute for Cancer Research Impacts of the Palliative and End-of-Life Care Initiative 2001–2009. [Internet]. 2009 [updated 2010-10-27; cited 2010-11-22].

  19. Industry Canada. Mobilizing science and technology to Canada's advantage: executive summary. [Internet]. 2007 [updated 2010-09-17; cited 2010-11-22].

  20. Association of Canadian Academic Healthcare Organizations. Moving at the speed of discovery: from bench to bedside to business. [Internet]. 2007 [cited 2010-11-22].

  21. Association of Canadian Academic Healthcare Organizations. Three missions, one future: optimizing the performance of Canada's academic health sciences centres. [Internet]. 2010 [cited 2010-11-22].

  22. Includes researchers and trainees that received CIHR funds through all CIHR grant and award programs including the Canada Research Chairs (CRCs), Networks of Centres of Excellence (NCEs), and Centres of Excellence for Commercialization and Research (CECRs) but does not include trainees supported from operating grants or by training programs. Figures are rounded to the nearest 10.

  23. UNBC now hosts a satellite of the University of British Columbia's medical school.

  24. OECD. OECD science, technology and industry scoreboard 2009. [Internet]. 2009 [cited 2010-11-22].

  25. Canadian Association for Graduate Studies. 38th statistical report, 1995–2006. [Internet]. 2006 [cited 2010-11-22].

  26. CIHR. Impacts of CIHR-funded research: a compendium of results. [Internet]. 2010 [updated 2010-06-07; cited 2010-11-22].

  27. SCImago Journal & Country Rank. Science analysis. [Internet]. 2010 [cited 2010-11-22].

  28. A "Canadian" publication has one or more author(s) affiliated with a Canadian institution.

  29. The growth in publications from the People's Republic of China has outstripped that of all established research-intensive nations.

  30. Data obtained from Thomson Reuters Web of Science®. Due to the structure of the database, internationalcomparisons for these specific fields are difficult and time-consuming to perform.

  31. Scopus® data.

  32. The National Alliance of Provincial Health Research Organizations. Medical research in Canada and selected OECD countries: a comparative analysis (internal document); 2009.

  33. Soteriades ES, and Falagas ME. A bibliometric analysis in the fields of preventive medicine, occupational and environmental medicine, epidemiology, and public health. BMC Public Health. 2006; 6:301. doi:10.1186/1471-2458-6-301.

  34. Falagas ME, Michalopoulos AS, Bliziotis IA and Soteriades ES. A bibliometric analysis by geographic areaof published research in several biomedical fields, 1995-2003. CMAJ 2006; 175(11) 1389–90. doi:1503/cmaj.060361.

  35. CIHR Impact assessment: CIHR funding and intellectual property, a preliminary report of patenting activity (internal document); 2009.

  36. Kitson AL. The uncertainty and incongruity of evidence-based healthcare. Int J Evidence Based Healthcare 2008; 6:1–2.

  37. Graham ID, Logan J, Harrison MB, Straus SE, Tetroe J, Caswell, W, et al. Lost in knowledge translation: time for a map? J Contin Educ Health Prof 2006; 26(1):13–24.

  38. Canadian Institutes of Health Research. Knowledge translation learning modules. [Internet]. 2010 [updated 2010-04-09; cited 2010-11-22].

  39. Canadian Institutes of Health Research. Knowledge to action: a knowledge translation casebook. [Internet]. 2008 [updated 2009-02-19; cited 2010-11-22].

  40. Straus S, Tetroe J, and Graham I (Eds.) Knowledge translation in health care: moving from evidence to practice. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell; 2009.

  41. Canadian Institutes of Health Research. Best Brains Exchange renewal: submission to the Scientific Council Subcommittee on Planning and Partnerships (internal document); 2009.

  42. Canadian Academies of Health Sciences. Making an impact: a preferred framework and indicators to measure returns on investment in health research. [Internet]. 2009 [cited 2010-11-23].

  43. Canadian Institutes of Health Research. Five-year evaluation schedule (2009–2010 – 2013–2014). [Internet]. 2010 [updated 2010-01-11; cited 2010-11-23].

  44. Canadian Institutes of Health Research. Welcome to synapse – CIHR youth connection. [Internet]. 2010 [updated 2010-09-29; cited 2010-11-23]. 

  45. Facebook. Health research in Canada. [Internet]. 2010 [cited 2010-11-23].

  46. International Development Research Centre. International research initiative on adaptation to climatechange. [Internet]. 2010 [updated 2010-06-11; cited 2010-11-23].

  47. Patient-oriented research refers to the continuum ranging from the initial human studies of a new drug or device to research evaluating the implementation of simple or complex interventions in the health-care system. Canadian Institutes of Health Research. Strategy for patient-oriented research. [Internet]. 2010 [updated 2010-08-31; cited 2010-11-23]. 

  48. Grand Challenges Canada. [Internet]. 2010 [cited 2010-11-23].

  49. The others are Australia's National Health and Medical Research Council, the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, the UK Medical Research Council, the U.S. National Institutes of Health and the Indian Council of Medical Research.

  50. The Global Alliance for Chronic Diseases. [Internet]. 2010 [cited 2010-11-23].

  51. The Canadian Healthy Infant Longitudinal Development (CHILD) Study. [Internet]. 2010 [cited 2010-06-20].

  52. Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging. [Internet]. 2010 [cited 2010-11-23]. CLSA's development was co-supported by the FRSQ, Health Canada and the BC Network on Aging Research.

  53. PubMed Central Canada. [Internet]. 2010 [cited 2010-11-23].

  54. Canadian Institutes of Health Research. Drug safety and effectiveness network. [Internet]. 2010 [updated 2010-06-14; cited 2010-11-23].

  55. Heads of International Biomedical Research Organisations. Draft joint statement on data sharing in public health research. 2010 [unpublished].

  56. Edwards AM, Bountra C, Kerr DJ, and Willson TM. Open access chemical and clinical probes to support drug discovery. Nature Chemical Biology 2009; 5:436–40.

  57. The Quebec Consortium for Drug Discovery. [Internet]. 2010 [cited 2010-11-23].

  58. Canadian Institutes of Health Research. CIHR funding pressures resulting from high impact health infrastructure investments. [Internet]. 2007 [updated 2007-09-05; cited 2010-11-23].

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